BIB 322.01 Introduction to Missions (3 credit hours)

At Ohio Valley University, we seek to transform lives in a Christ-centered academic community
that integrates higher learning, biblical faith, and service to God and humanity.

Class days/times: TTh 2:45-4:00pm
Location: East Bible Annex, Room #05
Instructor: Bruce Terry
Office: East Bible Annex 201
Phone: (304) 865-6120 (office); (304) 295-6486 (home)
E-mail: bruce.terry@ovu.edu; Web site: http://bterry.com
Office hours:
M  9:30-11:00am; 3:15-5:15pm
T  9:30-10:00am; 2:15-2:45pm
W 9:30-11:00am; 3:15-5:15pm
Th 9:30-10:00am; 2:15-2:45pm
F  10:00-11:00am

I. Textbooks:



II. Course Description:

BIB 322 Introduction to Missions (3 credits) A study of biblical principles relating to world evangelism, with a survey of current world evangelism methods and how the most productive methods relate to Biblical methods. A practical ministry course. A writing enhanced course. Fulfills diversity requirement. Offered fall, even-numbered years.

This course will focus on missions with an examination of both what has succeeded and what has failed in previous missions efforts. The course will be build around the reading, reflecting, and discussion of three books about missions. Topics covered will include biblical foundations for missions, the missionary cycle, identification, ethnocentrism, cross-cultural communication, the indigenous church, church growth theory, team evangelism, strategy, leadership training, and field selection, among others.

III. Rationale:

This course addresses the following objectives of the Bible program:

Objectives For Every Student

Provide students with a more in-depth study of the scriptures than what is gained in introductory studies and/or with training in Christian life and ministry

Objectives For Majors

Prepare students for Christian service by providing ministry training in public speaking, evangelism, and missions
Train students in a specialized area of ministry and study through a minor area of interest

IV. Integrating Faith and Learning:

Romans 10:17 says, "So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ" (ESV).  Consequently, this class will use biblical texts and references to texts to help the student grow in faith.  But simply hearing is not enough.  Jesus told those who believed in him, "If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free" (John 8:31-32 ESV).  So it is necessary to keep doing what we learn.  In light of this, this course will also contain references to application of principles learned.  One of the objectives is a faith objective.  It will not be assessed for a grade, but life is such that it will be assessed, one way or another.  My prayer is that you will pass that test of life.

V. Course Objectives and National Standards:

  1. To acquaint the student with significant issues in the practice of mission work and help him or her see the pros and cons of each side of the questions.
  2. To expose the student to significant introductory material in the academic study of missions.
  3. To acquaint the student with the scriptures that underlie the good practice of missions.
  4. To aid the student in improving his or her writing ability, both as regards grammar and content.
  5. To help the student come face to face with the need to share the good news of Jesus with people from cultures all over the world.

There are no national standards for undergraduate study of the Bible.  At OVU, we emphasize the biblical text and its application in our lives.

VI. School of Biblical Studies Mission Statement:

At the School of Biblical Studies, we seek to transform lives in a Christ-centered academic community by encouraging biblical faith to produce life-long truth-seekers who serve God in His kingdom throughout the world.

VII. Course Requirements and Evaluation:

Assessment of whether the objectives have been met will be based on the student's performance on homework and tests assigned by the teacher and on the student's ability to do relevant analysis on his or her own in papers described below. Academic abilities assessed include reading with understanding skills as evidenced by a reading reports and classroom discussion; writing skills as evidenced by reading reports; and memory organization and retention as evidenced by major exams.

Your grade for the class will be based on three major exams (including a comprehensive final exam), 21 one-page reports over the readings, 4 two-page reports over the readings, and attendance and participation in class. Exam questions can come from the assigned readings from either the textbooks, articles and essays, or the New Testament. The final exam will cover material from the whole course.

The one and two-page reports should be typed. The pages of the typed papers are a minimum of full pages. One page is defined as 27 double-spaced typewritten lines (counting the title, but not your name or page numbers) with 1" margins. The typed papers should be written using the Turabian style guide. The two-page reports should have a cover sheet. If the reports have only one source, the bibliographical entry may be placed immediately under the title rather than on a separate page. A report that is short or of little substance will be accepted only for half-credit. Since this is a writing enhanced course, a minimum of 20 pages, eight of which are graded, must be written to pass with a C. One bonus point will be given to those who successfully complete 28.2 points in writing.

Class will be excused for students attending the World Missions Workshop. Students will be expected to attend at least a one hour class for each hour missed and turn in a one-page report on the class attended. The reports will count as attendance grades.

Ten points will be given for attendance. One point will be deducted for each class missed, including those missed for illness. The only exception to this will be those who miss on official school business and have an official notice to this effect; up to five such absences will not count against the student's grade if the student has no unexcused absences. Two grace days will be given to all students to allow for absences due to illness and excused absences for official school business. Note well: Grace days will be applied first to excused absences.

Class handouts and homework can be found on the Internet at: "http://bible.ovu.edu/terry/missions/". Homework may be printed out, done early, and turned in up to a week before the due date if the student knows of an absence that is coming up. Late homework is accepted for only half credit.

Additional readings/quizzes/essays/maps may be assigned.

All work is expected to be turned in on time. If for some reason you cannot make the due date, please ask my permission to turn the work in late. Late reading reports will be accepted for only half credit, since the readings will be discussed in class. Reports which are both late and short will be accepted only for quarter credit.

No paper will be accepted that is more than two weeks late. A paper that is more than one week late may not be rewritten, except in unusual circumstances. A paper must be at least 75% of assigned length in order to be rewritten. The grade on a paper which is rewritten may be increased on content, length, and mechanical errors. No grade will be given to a paper which contains enough mechanical errors to dock the score by a letter grade (i.e., 40 mechanical errors). It will be turned back without a score and the rewrite counted as late. Be sure to proofread and spell check! The English proficiency test sets the minimum standard for college papers.

Students who are absent on exam days with good reason may schedule a make-up exam within the next week. You must ask to take a make-up exam.

Students who score less than a 70 on a major exam may petition to retake the exam within a week after grades are returned on it. The highest grade on any retake exam will be 70. Once again, you must ask to retake an exam. There will be no retakes on the final exam. Study hard for it.

VIII. Grading System:

The final grade will be based on your work in the following way:

               Attendance/Participation                                          10%
               Reading Reports                                                   30%
               Major Tests                                                       40%
               Final Exam                                                        20%

Extra credit in these areas will not be allowed to exceed these percentages. One point extra credit will be given for one page papers on each of three assignments: 1) doing all 26 reading reports (only 25 are required), 2) doing a report on Reuel Lemmons' talk (found at http://bible.ovu.edu/missions/lemmons.mp3), and 3) doing a report on three mini-biographies in Slate's Lest We Forget. Your final grade will be A, B, C, D, or F. An A will be given for an average of 100-90, a B for 89-80, a C for 79-70, a D for 69-60, and an F for any average below 60.

IX. Academic Integrity Policy:

Because Ohio Valley University expects students to follow the highest standards of honorable conduct in all areas of life, it is essential that students maintain high standards of academic integrity. Cheating, plagiarizing (whether intentionally misrepresenting another's work as one's own or failing to follow appropriate requirements of documentation), and helping others cheat or plagiarize are all violations of these standards. Students who engage in these behaviors in a course in which they are enrolled will face appropriate consequences, which could include failing the assignment in question, failing the course, being placed on restricted status (i.e., the student will not be allowed to participate in on-campus activities, including intramurals, and may not represent Ohio Valley University in public events, including athletic competitions, performances, and presentations), or being suspended or dismissed from Ohio Valley University. Students who engage in these behaviors when they are unrelated to a course in which they are enrolled will also face appropriate consequences, which could include being placed on restricted status or being suspended or dismissed from Ohio Valley University.

If a student believes that he or she is being falsely accused of academic dishonesty, or if the student believes the consequences of an incident of academic dishonesty are unjust, the student may ask that the situation be reviewed. A student who believes that he or she is being treated unjustly may file an appeal with the VPAA; the student must initiate the appeal within 48 hours after receiving notification of the consequence. Appeal procedures are available in the office of the VPAA. They are also listed in the current catalog.


Plagiarism is the presentation of another person's work as your own, whether you mean to or not. Copying or paraphrasing passages from another writer's work without acknowledging that you've done so is plagiarism. Translating passages from another writer's work in another language without acknowledging that you've done so is plagiarism. Copying another writer's work without putting the material in quotation marks is plagiarism, even if credit is given. Allowing another writer to write any part of your essay is plagiarism.

Plagiarism is a serious crime. The maximum penalty at OVU is expulsion from the University.

Plagiarism is easy to avoid. Simply acknowledge the source of any words, phrases, or ideas that you use. If you're not sure how to quote or paraphrase a source or if you need help with the format of endnotes or bibliographies, check with me. While you can (and in fact should) seek the help and advice of friends, classmates, and tutors, be sure that your written work is completely your own.

Professional Dress

Students should dress modestly regardless of the type of clothes that they choose, and be aware that first impressions count and are often dictated by clothing choices. Specifically, members of the University community should avoid clothing that is revealing and/or features offensive slogans, language, or advertisements. Examples of revealing clothing include but are not limited to: midriffs or halters, mesh or netted shirts, tube tops, low cut blouses, and short shorts. Very tight clothing should be avoided. Examples of offensive slogans, language or advertisements include but are not limited to: curse words, sexually suggestive language or gestures, and references to alcohol or drugs.

Electronic Devices

Please turn cell phones OFF or ON SILENT before entering class. You may place your cell phone on your desk as a clock; otherwise, keep it put away. The use of cell phones, computers, and tablets for texting, calling, emailing, googling, checking the internet, tweeting, using facebook is not permitted; such is distracting both to the students doing such and the students around them. Please put these electronic devices away. Do not use your device out of sight under the desk. I reserve the right to count you absent should you disregard this. Cell phone or tablet use for voice, text, or data during a test will result in failure of that test!

X. Policy for Attendance and Tardies:

OVU Catalog:

Regular class attendance is most important. Instructors are responsible for recording and reporting attendance in each of their classes. Attendance at 75% of the scheduled class meeting is required to receive credit for a given course; in other words, if a student misses 25% or more class sessions including both excused and unexcused absences, the student will fail the course.

Course Policy:

Attendance in class is mandatory; it will be part of the basis for the grade given. If you cannot attend for good reason, either notify me beforehand or as soon as possible afterward. This applies even if you have an excused absence. You will be expected to do all work of any classes missed, except for pop quizzes. If you do not intend to attend regularly, kindly withdraw from the class now.

Do NOT miss class simply because you do not have an assignment finished. Do NOT miss class if you can possibly come; save any absences for sickness or death in the family. If you have an extended illness, please contact me to let me know.

Kindly try to be a class on time. If you are consistently tardy for no good reason, I reserve the right to count three tardies as an absence. I do count half and other fractional absences.

If you have to leave early, please inform me before class. Do not schedule extra work, doctor's appointments, etc. during class time if at all possible. If you are too frequent in leaving early, I reserve the right to count early departures as a partial absence, adversely affecting your grade.

Absences may be excused if you bring me documentation that you were hospitalized, ill with a contagious disease, involved in an accident, on school business (up to five hours), or there was a death in the immediate family. More than five hours of absences which include three hours of unexcused absence will result in your being dropped from the course with either a W or an F at my discretion. You may pay a fine and petition to be reinstated. Additional unexcused absences will result in your being dropped without future reinstatement. No credit will be given for a course in which absences, both excused and unexcused, total more than 25% of the hours of the course (i.e., as many as 12 class hours, counting each class as 1½ hours). Should you approach this limit, you will be asked to withdraw from the course (if possible). I reserve the right to drop you from the course as a warning once you have at least 5 total absences or 3 unexcused absences. If you are dropped for any reason, reinstatement is not guaranteed and will be granted only if a plan for success is presented. Note well: Absences may adversely affect your grade, as outlined above under the topic Course Requirements. A drop from your only Bible course may affect your ability to enroll in the next semester.

XI. Compliance with Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA):

If you have a diagnosed disability and need special accommodations, please notify the Office of the VPAA before or immediately after your first scheduled class meeting. After your disability has been verified, inform your instructor and your instructor will work with you and the Office of the VPAA to insure that you have a fair opportunity to perform in the course.

XII. Bibliography:

Elkins, Phillip Wayne. 1974. Church-sponsored missions. Austin, TX: Firm Foundation Publishing House.

Luzbetak, Louis J. 1970. The church and cultures. Teckny, IL: Divine Word Publications.

Paden, Gerald. 2002. Supporting national preachers. Lubbock, TX: Sunset School of Preaching. Web Page On-line. Available at <http://bible.ovu.edu/missions/articles/natpreach.htm>.

Slate, C. Philip. 2010. Lest we forget: Mini-biographies of missionaries from a bygone generation. Winona,MS: J. C. Choate Publications.

XIII. Course Calendar:

MAJOR EXAM DATES:  Exam 1 -- Tuesday, October 9, 2012
                   Exam 2 -- Thursday, November 8, 2012
                   Final Exam -- Tuesday, December 18, 2012
                                      1:00p.m. - 2:50 p.m.

Course Plan

 8/30/12 -- Introduction to the Course / The Biblical Imperative

            homework: read Harvey, Writing with Sources
                      read Guidelines, chaps. 1-2 (#1)
                      write introduction of self (extra credit)
 9/ 4/12 -- The Biblical Imperative
            homework: read Foundations, chaps. 1-2 (#2)
 9/ 6/12 -- Biblical Foundations and Motives

            homework: read Methods, chaps. 2-3 (#3)
 9/11/12 -- Strategic Points and Class Structure
            homework: read Methods, chaps. 4-5 (#4)
 9/13/12 -- The Effects of Moral & Social Conditions and Miracles

            homework: read Foundations, chap. 3 (#5)
 9/18/12 -- The Missionary Cycle
            homework: read Foundations, chap. 4 (#6)
                      read Guidelines, chap. 4 (#7)
 9/20/12 -- Identification

            homework: read Foundations, chap. 5 (#8)
 9/25/12 -- Entering a Culture
 9/27/12 -- TBA
World Mission Workshop

            homework: read Foundations, chap. 6 (#9)
                      write 2-page report on ethnocentrism (#9)
10/ 2/12 -- Ethnocentrism
            homework: read Foundations, chap. 7 (#10)
                      read Guidelines, chap. 3 (#11)
10/ 4/12 -- Cross-Cultural Communications

            homework: study for test
10/ 9/12 -- Major Exam
            homework: read Methods, chap. 6 (#12)
10/11/12 -- Handling Finances on the Mission Field

            homework: read G. Paden's article (#13)
                      write 2-page report on foreign support (#13)
10/16/12 -- National Preachers
            homework: read Guidelines, chap. 5 (#14)
10/18/12 -- Church Growth, Bridges of God,and Missionary Fog

            homework: read class handout by Elkins (#15)
10/23/12 -- Missionary Institutions
            homework: read Methods, chaps. 7-8 (#16)
10/25/12 -- Paul's Preaching and Teaching

            homework: read Methods, chaps. 9-10 (#17)
10/30/12 -- Baptism, Ordination, and Church Discipline
            homework: read scriptures and handout by Luzbetak (#18)
                      write 2-page report on Christo-paganism (#18)
11/ 1/12 -- Christo-paganism

            homework: read Guidelines, chap. 9 (#19)
11/ 6/12 -- Team Evangelism
            homework: study for test
11/ 8/12 -- Major Exam

            homework: read scriptures and articles as assigned 
11/13/12 -- Group Conversions in Acts
            homework: read Foundations, chaps. 8-9 (#20)
11/15/12 -- Mission Strategy
11/16/12 -- Last Day to Drop a Class with a "W"
         -- Stick with it to the end!


            homework: read Foundations, chap. 10 (#21)
                      read Guidelines, chap. 7  (#22)
11/27/12 -- Leadership Training and Church Maturation
            homework: read Foundations, chap. 11, Unreached People (#23)
                      write 2-page report on the 10-40 window (#23)
11/29/12 -- Field Selection (Unreached Areas)

            homework: read Foundations, chap. 11, Receptivity, etc. (#24)
12/ 4/12 -- Field Selection (Receptive Areas)
            homework: read Guidelines, chap. 10 (#25)
12/ 6/12 -- Women in Missions

            homework: read Guidelines, chap. 12 (#26)
12/11/12 -- The Local Church as Missionary Society
12/13/12 -- Catch Up, Evaluation

WEEK SIXTEEN: Final Exam Week
            homework: study for final exam
12/18/12 -- Final Exam (1:00 p.m. - 2:50 p.m.)

N. B.: Homework is listed before the class for which it is due!


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