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Paper Writing Style Comparison


Bible Study Links | Citation Style Guide Links | Time and Temperature Links

Listed below are some of the most common areas where paper writing styles may be employed and the rules for using four different methods: Turabian (5th edition; an adaptation of the Chicago Manual of Style [CMS]), MLA (Modern Language Association), APA (American Psychological Association), and LSA (Linguistic Society of America).

Page Numbering

  • Turabian 5th -- First page: center bottom; following pages: center top or upper right.
  • MLA -- Upper right after last name [Smith 7].
  • APA -- upper right under short title.
  • LSA -- upper right.

Indent Paragraphs

  • Turabian 5th -- 6 to 8 spaces.
  • MLA -- 5 spaces.
  • APA -- 5 spaces.
  • LSA -- 6 spaces.

First Set of Quotes

  • Turabian 5th -- double quotes.
  • MLA -- double quotes.
  • APA -- double quotes.
  • LSA -- single quotes.

Second Set of Quotes (Quotes within a quote)

  • Turabian 5th -- single quotes.
  • MLA -- single quotes.
  • APA -- single quotes.
  • LSA -- double quotes.

Ellipsis

  • Turabian 5th -- 3 spaced dots. 4 after sentence.
  • MLA -- 3 spaced dots. 4 after sentence.
  • APA -- 3 spaced dots. 4 after sentence.
  • LSA -- 3 unspaced dots. 3 after sentence.

Indention on Long Quote

  • Turabian 5th -- 4 left; 0 right.
  • MLA -- 10 left; 0 right.
  • APA -- 5 left; 0 right.
  • LSA -- 4 left; 0 right.

Spacing of Long Quote

  • Turabian 5th -- single.
  • MLA -- double.
  • APA -- double.
  • LSA -- double or single.

Type of Reference

  • Turabian 5th:
    1. Parenthetical: (Author year, page).
    2. Footnotes or Endnotes: Raised number in text.
      Notes: Raised number Author[first last], Title (City, State: Publisher, Year), Page.
  • MLA -- Parenthetical: (Author page).
  • APA -- Parenthetical: (Author, year, p. page).
  • LSA -- Parenthetical: (Author year: page).

Bibliography Name

  • Turabian 5th -- Selected Bibliography, Works Cited, Sources Consulted.
  • MLA -- Works Cited, Works Consulted.
  • APA -- References, Bibliography.
  • LSA -- References.

Bibliography Spacing

  • Turabian 5th -- single (double between entries).
  • MLA -- double.
  • APA -- double.
  • LSA -- double or single (double between entries).

Reverse Indent (On the Bibliography)

  • Turabian 5th -- 5 spaces.
  • MLA -- 5 spaces.
  • APA -- 3 spaces.
  • LSA -- 4 or 5 spaces.

Order of Book Entry

  • Turabian 5th:
    1. Parenthetical: Author. Year. Title. City, State: Publish.
    2. Footnotes: Author. Title. City, State: Publish, Year.
  • MLA -- Author. Title. City, State: Publish, Year.
  • APA -- Author. (Year). Title. City, State: Publish.
  • LSA -- Author. Year. Title. City, State: Publish.

Order of Journal Entry

  • Turabian 5th:
    1. Parenthetical: Author. Year. Article. Journal Volume (Month): pages.
    2. Footnotes: Author. "Article." Journal Volume (date): pages.
  • MLA -- Author. "Article." Journal Volume (date): pages.
  • APA -- Author. (Year). Article. Journal, Volume, pages.
  • LSA -- Author. Year. Article. Journal Volume: pages.

Additional Works (In Bibliography Listings)

  • Turabian 5th -- 8 underlines.
  • MLA -- 3 hyphens.
  • APA -- repeat name.
  • LSA -- 7 underlines.

Co-author Name Order

  • Turabian 5th -- first last.
  • MLA -- first last.
  • APA -- last, initials.
  • LSA -- first last.

Book Titles

  • Turabian 5th:
    1. Parenthetical: Sentence style.
    2. Footnotes: Headline Style.
  • MLA -- Headline Style.
  • APA -- Sentence style.
  • LSA -- Sentence style.

Article Titles

  • Turabian 5th:
    1. Parenthetical: Sentence style.
    2. Footnotes: Headline Style.
  • MLA -- Headline Style.
  • APA -- Sentence style.
  • LSA -- Sentence style.

Journal Titles

  • Turabian 5th -- Headline Style.
  • MLA -- Headline Style.
  • APA -- Headline Style.
  • LSA -- Sentence style.
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Bruce Terry's Home Page
Bruce Terry's Home Page   Bible Resources
http://www.bterry.com/styles.htm hosted at http://bible.ovu.edu/terry/styles.htm
Last updated on May 30, 2007
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